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2016 Galway Courses

Session 1: June 19–July 8, 2016

Securing Women’s and Girls’ Access to Education: A Human Rights Perspective

Professor Monica Teixeira de Sousa
9:00 a.m.–10:50 a.m.
The right to an education is a basic human right and is enshrined in Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other normative instruments of the United Nations and UNESCO. This course examines the complex law and policy issues involved in securing that right for women and girls in the face of economic, social, and cultural barriers, both abroad and in the United States. Students will be asked to consider the role that international institutions such as the World Bank currently play in either expanding or thwarting access to education. The course includes case studies from a variety of countries.

International Law and International Humanitarian Law

Professors Ray Murphy and Shane Darcy
11:00 a.m.–12:50 p.m.
This course explores contemporary issues of international law and international humanitarian law (IHL) or the law of armed conflict. It involves a brief introduction to the sources of international law, an examination of the UN Charter provisions governing the use of force, and an examination of the concept of humanitarian intervention and UN-authorized or UN-mandated peacekeeping operations. The course explores the concept, purpose, and contemporary sources of IHL; the concept of armed conflict; and the protection of civilians and the conduct of hostilities. The convention dealing with the protection of prisoners of war also is examined. The course refers to contemporary situations such as Iraq, Kosovo, and Afghanistan; draws on a number of historical examples; and includes a review of the implementation of IHL and the role of international tribunals.

Law of the Sea and Human Rights

Professor John E. Noyes
1:00 p.m.–2:50 p.m.
This course explores the intersection of two major fields of international law: the traditional law of the sea and rights concerning navigation. It introduces the traditional law of the sea, including the concept of freedom of the seas; the nationality of vessels; jurisdiction over vessels; and zones of the oceans, as well as rights concerning navigation, security, environmental protection, and the conservation and management of resources. Many such issues have human rights implications. Particular attention is paid to modern piracy and the prosecution of pirates; migrants at sea, sex trafficking, and refugees; and labor conditions on vessels and international legal protections for crew members.


Irish Centre for Human Rights

Irish Centre for Human Rights

Session 2: July 11–July 29, 2016

International Human Rights and Employment Law

Professor Lisa R. Freudenheim
9:00 a.m.–10:50 a.m.
This course explores key areas at the intersection of international human rights and employment law, including collective rights to organize and bargain, individual rights against discrimination in the workplace, child labor laws, fair compensation laws, and workplace safety. The U.S. laws in each of these areas are compared with both international laws and initiatives (i.e., conventions of the International Labor Organization and the United Nations) and specific laws from a sample of geographically and economically diverse countries. The class is conducted through lectures, problems for discussion, videos, role-playing exercises, and individual presentations.

Human Trafficking

Professor Dina Francesca Haynes
11:00 a.m.–12:50 p.m.
The course surveys relevant international laws, the convention and protocol, as well as U.S. laws and procedures governing human trafficking, and compares those to the European Union’s approach. Students review an array of civil and criminal cases, and the domestic legislative history to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act and its reauthorization acts to understand how human trafficking laws and regulations have evolved since first promulgated in 2000. Students will gain a broad understanding of factors that drive trafficking, the routes used by traffickers, and the means by which law enforcement officers find victims, and prosecutors make cases against traffickers. Finally, through use of a simulation, students will learn how to prepare a T-visa application for a victim of human trafficking in the United States.

Contemporary Challenges in the Protection of Human Rights Worldwide

Professors Kathleen Cavanaugh and Aoife Duffy
1:00 p.m.–2:50 p.m.
This course aims to provide students with an overview of key contemporary challenges in the protection of human rights around the world. By the end of the course, students should be familiar with the historical context in which human rights norms developed, the major universal and regional systems of human rights law, and specific issues that adversely impact the full realization of human rights for many people across the globe.